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It is an immense desert place where man is never lonely, for he senses the weaving of Creation on every hand. It is the physical embodiment of a supernatural existence For the sea is itself nothing but love and emotion. It is the Living Infinite, as one of your poets has said. Nature manifests herself in it, with her three kingdoms: mineral, vegetable, and animal. The ocean is the vast reservoir of Nature. It is nothing but love and emotion; it is the 'Living Infinite' The globe began with sea, so to speak; and who knows if it will not end with it? In it is supreme tranquility. Couldn't the heart of the ocean hide the last—remaining varieties of these titanic species, for whom years are centuries and centuries millennia?

In addition to his re-translation of the text itself, Mickel is generous with explanatory footnotes a very Vernian trait. The book also provides a chronology of the events portrayed in Vingt mille lieues sous les mers , a relatively up-to-date critical bibliography, and reprints of many though not all of those now-famous Riou, Neuville, and Hildibrand lithographs found in the original. Over the past four decades Bantam Books, perhaps more than any other U. The former, translated by New York linguist, naturalist, and medieval scholar Anthony Bonner, appeared in and had strong appeal for U.

These slips have been meticulously corrected in a new, reset edition just out. Two years back, a hardcover reprint by HarperCollins offered a partial cleanup, and now Bantam Classics has done the job thoroughly, down to inviting me to proof the first-pass pages: I did so, they faithfully implemented my suggestions, and the published result hews to a high standard of accuracy and completeness. Naval Institute.

All have merit, and the last two are essential for specialists. But for younger students and your general American reader, this revised Bantam text, with its clarity, sparkle, and easy readability, is an obvious first choice. See the review for this edition on this page. This hardcover gift edition reprints the well-known Bantam paperback translation by Anthony Bonner, while two-time Caldecott medalists Leo and Diane Dillon are the illustrators.

Despite the familiar ingredients, the edition is newsworthy on two counts: one, the illustrations are provocatively original; two, the translation has been reprinted with some notable modifications. First, a little background on this translation. Again and again Bonner manages to make things baby-simple—for instance, when dazzled by flashing ice in Chap. Still, there are problems. Plus, Bonner himself fumbles an occasional detail—most notoriously in Chap. Mercier and muddles the density of steel relative to water odd, coming from a man with his scientific chops.

But this time the tale has a different ending.

Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (Knickerbocker Classics)

I went a little overboard and returned the galleys to Weiss with some pickups—mostly corrections of production glitches in the Bantam text, but a number of quibbles with the translation as well. The rest of the story follows the adventures of the protagonists aboard the creature—the submarine , the Nautilus — which was built in secrecy and now roams the seas free from any land-based government. Captain Nemo's motivation is implied to be both a scientific thirst for knowledge and a desire for revenge upon and self-imposed exile from civilization.

Nemo explains that his submarine is electrically powered and can perform advanced marine biology research; he also tells his new passengers that although he appreciates conversing with such an expert as Aronnax, maintaining the secrecy of his existence requires never letting them leave. Aronnax and Conseil are enthralled by the undersea adventures, but Ned Land can only think of escape. They visit many places under the ocean, some real-world and others fictional. The travelers witness the real corals of the Red Sea , the wrecks of the battle of Vigo Bay , the Antarctic ice shelves, the Transatlantic telegraph cable and the legendary submerged land of Atlantis.

The travelers also use diving suits to hunt sharks and other marine life with air-guns and have an underwater funeral for a crew member who died when an accident occurred under mysterious conditions inside the Nautilus. When the Nautilus returns to the Atlantic Ocean , a pack of "poulpes" usually translated as a giant squid , although in French "poulpe" means " octopus " attacks the vessel and kills a crew member.

Throughout the story Captain Nemo is suggested to have exiled himself from the world after an encounter with the forces that occupied his country that had devastating effects on his family. Not long after the incident of the poulpes, Nemo suddenly changes his behavior toward Aronnax, avoiding him. Aronnax no longer feels the same and begins to sympathize with Ned Land. Near the end of the book, the Nautilus is attacked by a warship of some nation that had made Nemo suffer. Filled with hatred and revenge, Nemo ignores Aronnax's pleas for mercy.

Nemo—nicknamed "angel of hatred" by Aronnax—destroys the ship, ramming it just below the waterline, and consequently sinking it into the bottom of the sea, much to Aronnax's horror, as he watches the ship plunge into the abyss. Nemo kneels before the pictures of his wife and children and is plunged into deep depression after this encounter.

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For several days after this, the protagonists' situation changes. No one seems to be on board any longer and the Nautilus moves about randomly. Ned Land is even more depressed, Conseil fears for Ned's life, and Aronnax, horrified at what Nemo had done to the ship, can no longer stand the situation either. One evening, Ned Land announces an opportunity to escape.

Although Aronnax wants to leave Nemo, whom he now holds in horror, he still wishes to see him for the last time. But he knows that Nemo would never let him escape, so he has to avoid meeting him. Before the escape, however, he sees him one last time although secretly , and hears him say "Almighty God! Aronnax immediately goes to his companions and they are ready to escape.

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea - Jules Verne's Sci-Fi Classic - Geek Crash Course East

But while they loosen the dinghy, they discover that the Nautilus has wandered into the Moskenstraumen , more commonly known as the "Maelstrom". They manage to escape and find refuge on a nearby island off the coast of Norway, but the fate of the Nautilus is unknown. Captain Nemo's name is an allusion to Homer's Odyssey , a Greek epic poem. In the Latin translation of the Odyssey , this pseudonym is rendered as " Nemo ", which in Latin also translates as "No-man" or "No-body".

Similarly to Nemo, Odysseus must wander the seas in exile though only for 10 years and is tormented by the deaths of his ship's crew. Jules Verne several times mentions Commander Matthew Fontaine Maury , "Captain Maury" in Verne's book, a real-life oceanographer who explored the winds, seas, currents, and collected samples of the bottom of the seas and charted all oceans. Verne would have known of Matthew Maury's international fame and perhaps Maury's French ancestry.

The most famous part of the novel, the battle against a school of giant squid , begins when a crewman opens the hatch of the boat and gets caught by one of the monsters.

Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea | novel by Verne |

As the tentacle that has grabbed him pulls him away, he yells "Help! At the beginning of the next chapter, concerning the battle, Aronnax states, "To convey such sights, one would require the pen of our most famous poet, Victor Hugo, author of The Toilers of the Sea. It is probable that Verne borrowed the symbol, but used it to allude to the Revolutions of as well, in that the first man to stand against the "monster" and the first to be defeated by it is a Frenchman.

In several parts of the book, Captain Nemo is depicted as a champion of the world's underdogs and downtrodden. In one passage, Captain Nemo is mentioned as providing some help to Greeks rebelling against Ottoman rule during the Cretan Revolt of — , proving to Arronax that he had not completely severed all relations with mankind outside the Nautilus after all. In another passage, Nemo takes pity on a poor Indian pearl diver who must do his diving without the sophisticated diving suit available to the submarine's crew, and who is doomed to die young due to the cumulative effect of diving on his lungs.

Nemo approaches him underwater and gives him a whole pouch full of pearls, more than he could have acquired in years of his dangerous work. Nemo remarks that the diver, as an inhabitant of British Colonial India, "is an inhabitant of an oppressed country". Verne took the name "Nautilus" from one of the earliest successful submarines , built in by Robert Fulton , who later invented the first commercially successful steamboat.

Fulton's submarine was named after the paper nautilus because it had a sail. Three years before writing his novel, Jules Verne also studied a model of the newly developed French Navy submarine Plongeur at the Exposition Universelle , which inspired him for his definition of the Nautilus.